Read e-book online Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Ecosystems - Laws PDF

By John Middleton

ISBN-10: 0684806509

ISBN-13: 9780684806501

ISBN-10: 0684806517

ISBN-13: 9780684806518

ISBN-10: 0684806525

ISBN-13: 9780684806525

ISBN-10: 0684806533

ISBN-13: 9780684806532

ISBN-10: 0684806541

ISBN-13: 9780684806549

Offering a accomplished examine the continent of Africa and the nations that include it, this ebook describes its peoples and cultures, song and artwork, alternate and economic system, vacation trips and fairs, tribal teams, ecology, faith, fossil and skeleton discoveries, the land and its heritage, artwork and structure and everyday life. It examines Africa from prehistoric occasions to the current day.

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The emperor issued a national constitution and continued development programs for roads, schools, hospitals, communications, and public services. As a result, the economy improved, and taxes from coffee exports brought new wealth to the government. However, Haile Selassie’s successes prompted the Italians to invade Ethiopia in 1935. The emperor was forced to flee while the people resisted the Italians in the countryside. During World War II, the British supported Haile Selassie and prepared an Anglo-Ethiopian invasion.

At the same time, he established his family in a position of influence, founding a powerful dynasty. Meanwhile, the French and British remained interested in Egypt. The two soon forced Egypt to open its ports to European traders. The British, seeking a route across the region to India, began laying railroad lines in Egypt. In 1859 the French began building the Suez Canal. During the 1860s Egypt enjoyed an economic boom, based primarily on the cotton trade. When the cotton-growing states of the American South were preoccupied with the Civil War, Egypt became the world’s main supplier of cotton.

In 1952 British occupation ended, and the United Nations combined Eritrea and Ethiopia in a federation*. Although this arrangement supposedly provided for Eritrean self-rule, Ethiopia soon violated Eritrean rights. In 1962 Ethiopian Emperor HAILE SELASSIE made Eritrea a province of Ethiopia. The Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF), formed in 1961 by a small group of armed men, immediately began fighting for independence from Ethiopia. In the 1970s an offshoot of the ELF, the Eritrean Popular Liberation Front (EPLF), took over the battle for independence.

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Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Ecosystems - Laws by John Middleton


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