By Saul I. Gass
An Annotated Timeline of Operations learn: a casual History recounts the evolution of Operations examine (OR) as a brand new technological know-how - the technology of selection making. coming up from the pressing operational problems with international battle II, the philosophy and technique of OR has permeated the solution of determination difficulties in company, undefined, and govt. The Timeline chronicles the background of OR within the kind of self-contained, expository entries. every one access provides a concise rationalization of the occasions and other people less than dialogue, and offers key assets the place additional appropriate details may be acquired. moreover, books and papers that experience prompted the advance of OR or helped to teach the 1st generations of OR teachers and practitioners are pointed out through the publication. beginning in 1564 with seminal rules that shape the precursors of OR, the Timeline lines the foremost principles and occasions of OR via 2004.
The Timeline should still curiosity someone concerned about OR - researchers, practitioners, teachers, and, in particular, scholars - who desire to find out how OR got here into being. extra, the scope and expository type of the Timeline should still make it of worth to the final reader drawn to the improvement of technological know-how and know-how within the final 1/2 the 20 th century.
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Extra resources for An Annotated Timeline of Operations Research: An Informal History
Forsythe, H. H. Germond, editors, Applied Mathematics Series, Vol. S. National Bureau of Standards, Washington, DC, 1951; “Random number generators,” T. E. Hull, A. R. Dobell, SIAM Review, 4, 3, 1962, 230–254; “The test-passing method of random digit selection,” F. Gruenberger, Software Age, June 1970, 15–16; A Million Random Digits with 100,000 Normal Deviates, The RAND Corporation, The Free Press, New York, 1955; Counting for Something: Statistical Principles and Personalities, W. S. Peters, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1987, 140–141; “The transformation of numerical analysis by 34 the computer: An example from the work of John von Neumann,” W.
Krarup, pp. 67–104 in Annals of Operations Research 123, Contributions in Location Analysis: A Volume in Honor of Kenneth E. Rosing, J. Hodgson, C. , a point x that satisﬁes f (x) = x. This topological result, due to the Dutch mathematician Luitzen E. J. Brouwer, has proved to be one of the most useful theorems in mathematical economics and game theory. In 1941, Kakutani extended it to point-to-set maps. John von 30 Neumann and John F. Nash both used ﬁxed point theorems to simplify their originally more complicated proofs.
Condon is said to have introduced Tippett by remarking that he had written a book that really could have been written by a monkey! Curiously, Tippett’s random digits were initially used without any statistical tests of their randomness. The Indian statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis applied a series of randomness tests to this data and concluded that Tippett’s digits were random. Since 1927, a number of other tables of random digits have been published, including RAND’s well-known table of a million random digits described by Brown (1951).
An Annotated Timeline of Operations Research: An Informal History by Saul I. Gass