Read e-book online Anthropologie de la guerre PDF

By Sigmund Freud

ISBN-10: 2213637644

ISBN-13: 9782213637648

Malaise dans l. a. civilisation (1931) et Considération actuelle sur los angeles guerre et l. a. mort (1915), les deux textes présentés ici dans leur model originale et dans une nouvelle traduction française, nous font découvrir un Freud « politique », qui réfléchit sur l. a. guerre et cherche à intégrer ces réflexions dans une recherche plus spécifiquement psychanalytique sur les motives permanentes des conflits en général.
Dans le texte de 1915, Freud déplore naturellement los angeles guerre en en montrant les effets dévastateurs sur l. a. tradition en général, mais il y voit aussi los angeles possibilité d’exprimer, passant outre les effets de censure, l. a. violence « primitive » des pulsions, qu’il est useless de vouloir constamment réprimer.

En 1931, Malaise dans l. a. civilisation marque l’intégration à los angeles théorie freudienne de l. a. idea de pulsion de mort, mise au jour par los angeles psychanalyste russe Sabina Spielrein. Si los angeles place qu’adopte Freud dans ce texte à l’égard de los angeles guerre imminente peut sembler fataliste, ce serait le trahir que de réduire son perspective à l. a. résignation. Freud est convaincu que le consentement à l. a. guerre n’est pas simplement le fait de ceux qui vont se rendre coupables de l. a. déclencher, mais qu’il a des racines plus profondes et qu’il exerce ainsi de manière très insidieuse sa séduction sur de très vastes cercles. Il comprend aussi très vite ce que sera l’« esprit de Munich », dont il constate les prodromes dans les atermoiements de l. a. SDN.

Ces deux textes essentiels sont suivis d’une nouvelle traduction de los angeles lettre à Albert Einstein datée de 1933, intitulée Pourquoi l. a. guerre ?

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44, 14 August 1793, pp. 355-6. 6 Discours prononcés par le citoyen Galloteau-Chappron, maire de Reims, le 10 août 1793 . . à la place Nationale, au moment de l’inauguration du monument que la société populaire de Reims y a fait élever . , p. 2. 7 For the unveiling of Henri Royer’s neo-classical war memorial on 1 June 1930, see Ville de Reims: Monument aux Morts, Reims, 1930. 8 Galloteau-Chappron, p. 2; P Fussell, The Great War and Modern Memory, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1975; T Laqueur, ‘Names, Bodies and the Anxiety of Erasure,’ in The Social and Political Body, T R Schatzki and W Natter (eds), The Guilford Press, New York, 1996, pp.

This essay explores the reaction of one writer, Herman Melville, to one battle, Malvern Hill. More precisely, it examines Melville’s poem titled ‘Malvern Hill’ in the context of military history, Civil War poetry and the collective cultural work done by the Civil War generation to define the meanings of death and loss. First, it considers the specific terrain and the specific events of Malvern Hill. Next, it examines how Melville chose to represent the battle. Finally, it compares Melville’s poem, and its representation of the role played by nature in remembering and commemorating the war dead, with poems about Malvern Hill by other Civil War era writers.

49-87. 63 By the time the war that began in 1792 finally ended, one third of all adult Frenchmen had enrolled in the army and over a million had died (A Forrest, Conscripts and Deserters: the Army and French Society during the Revolution and Empire, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1989, p. 20; A Corvisier, ‘La mort du soldat depuis la fin du Moyen Age,’ Revue historique, vol. 515, 1975, p. 16. 64 For two recent discussions of the Revolutionary wars as the first ‘total war’ see D A Bell, The First Total War: Napoleon’s Europe and the Birth of Warfare as We Know It, Houghton Mifflin, New York, 2007 and J-Y Guiomar, L’Invention de la Guerre Totale, Félin, Paris, 2004.

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Anthropologie de la guerre by Sigmund Freud


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