By Jonathan Bernier
In Aposynagōgos and the historic Jesus in John, Jonathan Bernier makes use of the critical-realist hermeneutics constructed by way of Bernard Lonergan and Ben F. Meyer to survey historic info appropriate to the Johannine expulsion passages (John 9:22, 12:42, 16:2). He evaluates the most important modern interpretative traditions relating to those passages, specifically that they describe now not occasions of Jesus' lifetime yet really the implementation of the Birkat ha-Minim within the first first-century, or that they describe no longer historic occasions in any respect yet serve simply to build Johannine identification. opposed to either traditions Bernier argues that those passages plausibly describe occasions that can have occurred in the course of Jesus' lifetime.
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240–255. 55 Cf. the discussion especially in Goodblatt, Monarchic Principle, 232–276. 56 Goodman, State and Society, 101–111. 57 Schwartz, Imperialism and Jewish Society, 103. 58 Only if we conclude that the Johannine community, or at least those members who experienced expulsion from the synagogue, existed in those limited circles in which the rabbis did have influence, might we reasonably argue that they were subject to the Birkat ha-Minim. Yet, if the rabbis’ influence was limited effectively to their own circles, then such a conclusion would lead to the further conclusion that those of the Johannine community who were expelled via the Birkat ha-Minim were members of the rabbinic movement.
The Birkat ha-Minim is an alternate name for the Twelfth of the Eighteen Benedictions (the ʿamidah). 18 1. And let the arrogant government 3. be speedily uprooted in our day. Let the Nazarenes [Christians] and the Minim [heretics] be destroyed in a minute. , 28. 15 Solomon Schecter and Israel Abrahams, “Genizah Specimens,” Jewish Quarterly Review 10 (1898): 654–661. 16 The variant appears on Schechter and Abrahams, “Genizah Specimens,” 657. Since this particular section of the article was written specifically by Schechter, he is often cited without Abrahams as the scholar who published this variant.
16. ”37 Graetz argues that immediately following the destruction of the temple, Yoḥanan b. e. 38 As already suggested, contemporary rabbinic scholarship is deeply suspicious, if not outright derisive, of such scholarship. Yet, even though Martyn identifies the Birkat ha-Minim rather than the niddui as the mechanism by which Johannine Christians were excommunicated, his understanding of Yavneh and its significance in Jewish history has more in common with Graetz’s scholarship from the 1890s than with recent and contemporary rabbinic scholarship.
Aposynaggos and the Historical Jesus in John: Rethinking the Historicity of the Johannine Expulsion Passages by Jonathan Bernier