By G. C. Peden
This booklet integrates technique, know-how and economics and provides a brand new method of taking a look at twentieth-century army historical past and Britain's decline as an outstanding strength. G. C. Peden explores how from the Edwardian period to the Nineteen Sixties war was once remodeled by means of a chain of strategies, together with dreadnoughts, submarines, plane, tanks, radar, nuclear guns and guided missiles. He exhibits that the price of those new guns tended to upward thrust extra quick than nationwide source of revenue and argues that process needed to be tailored to take account of either the elevated efficiency of recent guns and the economy's diminishing skill to maintain defense force of a given dimension. sooner than the improvement of nuclear guns, British approach was once in line with a capability to wear out an enemy via blockade, attrition (in the 1st international warfare) and strategic bombing (in the Second), and hence strength rested as a lot on financial energy as on armaments.
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Additional info for Arms, Economics and British Strategy: From Dreadnoughts to Hydrogen Bombs (Cambridge Military Histories)
Economics and National Security, pp. 261–83. 37 It was not only normal, but right, that policymakers should, in the first instance, see problems from the perspective of their own department, but it was important to have effective ways of co-ordinating the different departments’ activities to serve an agreed strategy. The methods adopted to achieve such cooperation developed over time, but even in the 1960s strategy was strongly influenced by inter-service rivalries. Policy was, of course, also shaped by the threats that Britain faced and by Britain’s changing role in the world.
For another thirty years admirals would claim that battleships could be protected from hazards such as torpedoes and, later, bombers. Battleships were heavily armed and armoured vessels whose purpose was to establish command of the sea by destroying the enemy’s main battle fleet, or by bottling it up in its harbours. HMS Dreadnought, constructed in 1905–6, represented a major advance in armament and speed, so much so that all battleships and battle-cruisers built to similar or higher standards were known as ‘dreadnoughts’, while earlier battleships were termed ‘pre-dreadnoughts’.
75 million. However, the upward trend had been established before Dreadnought. In December 1913, when the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Lloyd George, and Churchill were in dispute over the 1914/15 estimates, the Treasury complained that the Admiralty had forced the pace in introducing improvements in warships. 16 Churchill’s response was that it was appropriate for the power that depended upon naval supremacy for its life to maintain leadership in warship design. Fisher was much criticised, both inside and outside the navy, for building dreadnoughts, on the grounds that he thereby did away with Britain’s overwhelming 14 15 16 Nicholas A.
Arms, Economics and British Strategy: From Dreadnoughts to Hydrogen Bombs (Cambridge Military Histories) by G. C. Peden